The Senate of Canada is the second chamber of the Canadian legislative branch of government. It's 105 members are appointed by the Governor-in-Council to provide regional and cultural insight into and reflection upon legislation proposed by the elected representatives in the Chamber of Commons.


Senator Rosa Galvez with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

Through a process established by the Liberal government in 2015, Senators are appointed through an arms-length committee consisting of 3 permanent members, and 2 temporary members from the province which the incumbent Senator will represent. Prior to this process Senators were chosen and appointed by the Governor in Council and typically joined the caucus corresponding to the party in power at the time.

A list of active Senators, their affiliations, provinces, and important dates can be found here.

Read more about the Senate renewal here.

Senate Groups

Senators are free to organize themselves into groups, of which there are currently four. Senators who wish to not affiliate with a group are categorized as non-affiliated Senators.

Group Senators
Independent Senators Group 44
Conservative 20
Canadian Senators Group 13
Progressive Senators Group 11
Non-affiliated 6
Vacant 11
Total seats 105

last updated Dec 2020.

Regional Representation

Rather than being based on population, seats in the Senate are fixed under the 1867 Constitution Act. The seats are grouped into four regions (Western Canada, Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritimes) each alloted 24 seats.

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The Senate of Canada Building

The Senate of Canada Building is now located at 2 Rideau Street in Ottawa, Ontario in the newly rehabilitated building which formerly served as Ottawa’s central train station.

Senate of Canada Building
Senate of Canada Building Foyer
Senate Chamber
Inside the Senate of Canada Building

Experience the building yourself with a virtual tour.


To examine legislation and study other important issues, Senators participate in committees. There are currently 17 standing senate committees.

More information about Senator Galvez' particpation in Senate committees can be found here.

Latest News

CBC Politics

Senator wants to roll back $12,500 pay bump for some members of the Red Chamber


The Hill Times

Senators want to grill cabinet ministers on government’s response to fighting anti-Black, anti-Indigenous racism


The Hill Times Op-ed

Collaborating to build a better Senate


iPolitics Op-ed

Three Senators switch seats as Senate reform accelerates